Our organs perform several vital functions. Some of these functions are digestion, absorption, and excretion. For digesting any substance, our liver secrets different kinds of juices. Bile is also produced in the same region that helps in the breakdown of fat molecules.
For storing the excess bile that can be utilized in the future, the gallbladder is used. It is a small organ that is located under the liver. Its basic function is to store the bile and release it during digestion. With this process, we are able to absorb foods that are rich in fat.
If a medical condition arises in this area, then it can cause discomfort and other complications. That is why one should consult with a doctor for the treatment of this organ. In most cases, a surgeon might remove the entire organ from the body.
A Gallbladder stays filled with bile until the digestion process starts. When the food is getting absorbed, the bile is released which reduces the size of the gallbladder. The bile produced by the liver is again stored after the completion of this process.
A series of tubes called ducts are used to transfer bile from the gallbladder to the small intestines. If a gallbladder is removed due to certain conditions, then a person won’t face severe problems. People can still live their lives normally by following some simple changes in diet. Though, without a proper diet, some patients may observe symptoms like diarrhea and malabsorption of food containing a high concentration of fat.
A doctor can help in this situation by prescribing the right medication. The patient will also be given a set of guidelines to follow after the removal of the gallbladder.
Cholecystitis: This is a type of infection that occurs due to the formation of stones in the gallbladder. It needs to be treated quickly so as to stop the spread of infection to other regions. A patient can suffer from severe pain along with fever in such a condition.
Gallstones: When the bile juice accumulates inside the gallbladder and gets converted into hard structures, then these structures are called gallstones. This can become painful for certain patients. Other symptoms like nausea, vomiting, and inflammation can also occur.
Cancer: This is a rare medical problem where tumor cells multiply at a rapid rate without any control. If gallbladder cancer is diagnosed at a later stage, then the surgeons have to remove the entire organ and other cancer-affected regions of the body.
Gallstone Pancreatitis: In such conditions, the pancreas is unable to drain fluids due to a blockage in the ducts. It happens when gallstones block the tubes connected with the pancreas. This causes inflammation of the pancreas.
Reasons for Gallbladder Damage
Various factors can cause problems in the gallbladder. Some common causes are listed below:
The cholesterol released by the liver Is absorbed with the help of bile. Due to any reason, the quantity of cholesterol exceeds the limit of what could be digested using bile. This causes the crystal formation that eventually gets converted into gallstones.
In some cases, the gallbladder becomes incapable of completely releasing bile. This creates deposits of bile inside the organ that slowly develops into tiny stones.
Excessive Storage of Bilirubin
The liver produces bilirubin in a limited amount to be stored inside the gallbladder. Due to medical conditions like cirrhosis or infections the liver may start producing more bilirubin than required. This again promotes stone formation inside the gallbladder.
If you observe any of these symptoms, then do consult with your doctor:
- Severe pain in the upper right abdominal region.
- Suddenly feeling discomfort and pain in the middle region of the abdomen and below the breastbone.
- Pain on the back of your shoulders.
- Severe pain in the right shoulder
- A feeling of nausea that is accompanied by vomiting.
Diagnosis and Treatment
The doctor may perform several scans including CT, X-Rays, and MRI to find the exact cause of the problem. After the initial scans are completed, the patient may have to go through Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography for checking the internal system of the body. This procedure is performed by using a long tube that has a camera attached to it.
Once the diagnosis is finished, the treatment process will be started. There are several methods to cure gallbladder problems. These methods depend on the severity of the condition. Giving antibiotics, chemotherapy, surgery, and contact solvent dissolution are some of the methods used for the treatment.
Whom to Contact?
For basic problems related to the gallbladder, you only have to take certain medicines, exercise, and eat healthy food. If the problem worsens, then you can visit a gallbladder surgeon Singapore who can remove the organ from your body. After the gallbladder surgery from the expert colorectal surgeon Singapore, one can live a normal happy life.