Diabetes and Metabolism? Treatments with Management

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The blood glucose levels are strictly controlled by insulin, a hormone secreted by the pancreas. Insulin decreases the blood glucose level and promotes the uptake of glucose into the body cells. A diabetic patient struggles with striking a balance in the sugar and blood levels from defects in insulin secretion or the body’s ability to use insulin. It is a chronic medical condition meaning no matter how much you control it; it will last a lifetime. Developing medical infrastructure and several attempts to develop better tools that treat diabetes of Type-1 and Type-2. Prediabetes is a condition where you have inflated blood sugar. 

Type-1 Diabetes Vs. Type-2 Diabetes 

Type-1 diabetes, also known as diabetes mellitus, is a metabolic disease where insufficient production or lack of insulin response can result in hyperglycemia. In type1 diabetes, the pancreas is unable to secrete optimum insulin. Type-1 diabetes treatment involves regular intake to help use the sugar in your blood. The treatment also involves an insulin pump. The pump introduces insulin through a port in the skin. The treatment also helps level out blood sugar highs and lows. 

In type-2 diabetes, the cells cease to respond to insulin. As a result, the patient struggles to move glucose from the blood vessels into the cells despite optimum levels of the hormone. Eventually, the bodies stop making optimum amounts of insulin completely. Type-2 diabetes treatment involves the intake of metformin, an oral diabetes medication. Metformin helps lower sugar in the blood by reducing sugar production in the liver. Consult a doctor before you commence the intake of metformin in addition to insulin. 

Prediabetes 

The increase in sugar level cannot always be categorized under type-2 diabetes yet. However, physical activities and a nutritious diet help you bring down the blood sugar to normal. In addition, added information on prediabetes symptoms and treatment help you decrease the risk of diabetes. 

Symptoms

Prediabetes incurs no symptoms or signs during routine medical screening and checkups. It is common for a patient with prediabetes to have slightly elevated glucose levels while the body requires insulin to regulate the blood sugar levels. A person suffering from Hyperinsulinemia exhibits: 

  • Lethargy. 
  • Weight Gain near the abdominal area. 

Treatments

Physical Activity: Include 150-200 minutes of physical activity and exercising for at least four days a week. You can also jog, swim, crossfit, go biking, and yoga. 

Frequent Monitoring: It is important to examine the blood glucose levels monitored annually. Consult a professional before you purchase a blood monitoring device.